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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        DEN84LA002 
   Local Date:                           10/05/1983
   Local Time:                           09:55 MDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 GRAND FORKS                        
   Airport Name:                         GRAND FORKS INTL         
   Airport Id:                           GFK   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                                                      
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE ACFT VEERED OFF THE RWY AND NOSED OVER IN THE SOFT GRASS DURING 
   LANDING. THE CFI AND STUDENT HAD BEEN PRACTICING CROSSWIND LANDINGS ON 
   RWY 26 WITH THE WIND FROM 290 DEGREES AT 11 KTS. AFTER THE LANDINGS THE 
   CFI GOT OUT OF ACFT SO THAT THE STUDENT COULD CONTINUED AS SOLO. ONCE 
   AIRBORNE THE TOWER CHANGED THE LANDING RUNWAY TO 35. THE STUDENT 
   ACCEPTED THE CHANGE AND WAS LANDING VERY WELL ON THE 1ST SOLO LANDING 
   UNTIL THE NOSE GEAR WAS LOWERED. AT THIS POINT THE ACFT VEERED OFF AND 
   NOSED OVER. THE CHIEF FLT INSTRUCTOR SAID "THE CROSSWIND SHOULD HAVE 
   BEEN AVOIDED BY THE TOWER AND PLT. ALSO THE MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL 
   SHOULD BE MORE AWARE OF WIND AND WEATHER AND HOW THEY AFFECT ACFT PRIOR 
   TO A DECISION TO DO ARPT CHECKS. CONTINUED USE OF RWY 26 MAY HAVE 
   AVOIDED THIS ACCIDENT".

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  260 LOSS OF CONTROL - ON GROUND/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20000(S) - 2203(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - CROSSWIND
   1b.   24026(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         COMPENSATION FOR WIND CONDITIONS - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND
   2b.   24539(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         DIRECTIONAL CONTROL - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND
   3b.   24537(S) - 3140(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         GROUND LOOP/SWERVE - UNCONTROLLED - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  300 NOSE OVER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   19200(S) - 2425(M)  Factor
         TERRAIN CONDITION - SOFT

Probable Cause


Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  93844 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-235-L2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 290
   Wind Speed (knots):                   11
   Visibility (sm):                      9
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 3000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                     
   Departure City:                       
   Departure State:                        
   Destination Airport Id:                   
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TRAFFIC PATTERN
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      NO
   Months Since Last BFR:                0  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 2
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-NO WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     10  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :     10  Last 30 Days:    0
   Instrument  :      0  Last 90 Days:    0
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0

 

 

Source: National Transportation Safety Board