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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        MKC89LA069 
   Local Date:                           03/01/1989
   Local Time:                           16:15 CST
   State:                                MN    
   City:                                 CROOKSTON                          
   Airport Name:                         CROOKSTON MUNI KIRKWOOD F
   Airport Id:                           CKN   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           HAMMOND, GEORGE R.            

Narrative

THE STUDENT PILOT SAID THAT AFTER PERFORMING 4 OR 5 TOUCH AN D GOES 
   WITH THE INSTRUCTOR ONBOARD, THE CFI DEPLANNED AND SIGNED THE STUDENT 
   OFF FOR FIRST SOLO FLIGHT. THE FIRST LANDING WAS ACCOMPLISHED WITHOUT 
   INCIDENT, BUT ON THE SECOND LANDING, DIRECTIONAL CONTROL WAS LOST, AND 
   THE AC FT VEERED OFF THE RUNWAY INTO DEEPER SNOW AND NOSED OVER. THE 
   RUNWAY HAD BEEN PLOWED, BUT WAS STILL COVERED WITH PATCHES OF ICE AND 
   SNOW. THE PLT SAID THE RUNWAY SURFACE WAS QUITE ROUGH IN PLACES.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  260 LOSS OF CONTROL - ON GROUND/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   19200(S) - 2412(M)  Factor
         TERRAIN CONDITION - ICY
   2a.   19200(S) - 2424(M)  Factor
         TERRAIN CONDITION - SNOW COVERED
   4b.   24566(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         AIRCRAFT CONTROL - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  310 ON GROUND/WATER COLLISION WITH OBJECT
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor


   Occurrence #: 3  300 NOSE OVER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   19200(S) - 2423(M)
         TERRAIN CONDITION - SNOWBANK

Probable Cause

THE PILOT'S FAILURE TO MAINTAIN CONTROL OF THE AIRPLANE DURING THE 
   LANDING ROLL.  CONTRIBUTING TO THE ACCIDENT WAS THE ICY/SNOW COVERED RUNWAY.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  5329B 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         0-235-N2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 320
   Wind Speed (knots):                   14
   Visibility (sm):                      10
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 25000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GFK 
   Departure City:                       GRAND FORKS
   Departure State:                      ND
   Destination Airport Id:               CKN 
   Destination City:                     CROOKSTON
   Destination State:                    MN
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TOUCH AND GO
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      
   Months Since Last BFR:
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 3
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     16  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :     16  Last 30 Days:   10
   Instrument  :      0  Last 90 Days:   16
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0