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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI92LA131A
   Local Date:                           04/23/1992
   Local Time:                           12:10 CDT
   State:                                MO    
   City:                                 BRANSON                            
   Airport Name:                                                  
   Airport Id:                                 
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      SERIOUS
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    YES

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      540 CRUISE                                            
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THIS AIRCRAFT WAS THE LEAD AIRCRAFT OF A FLIGHT OF FOUR AIR CRAFT IN 
   CRUISE FLIGHT IN A LOOSE DIAMOND FORMATION.  ALL FOUR AIRCRAFT WERE 
   OPERATED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOT A, AND WERE ENROUTE TO A 
   COLLEGIATE FLYING COMPETITION. THE AIRCRAFT IN THE LEFT WING POSITION 
   HIT THIS AIRCRAFT IN THE LEFT MAIN LANDING GEAR.  NEITHER AIRCRAFT 
   COULD SUSTAIN LEVEL FLIGHT. BOTH AIRCRAFT MADE FORCED LANDINGS.  
   FORMATION FLYING IS NOT A PART OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA FLIGHT 
   SYLLABUS.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  270 MIDAIR COLLISION
   Phase of Operation: 540 CRUISE

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24565(S) - 3114(M) - 4000(P)  Factor
         FORMATION FLYING - INTENTIONAL - PILOT IN COMMAND
   1dir. 34335(S) - 5000(P)  Factor
         LACK OF TOTAL EXPERIENCE IN TYPE OPERATION - PILOT IN COMMAND
   2b.   24021(S) - 3115(M) - 4000(P)  Factor
         VISUAL LOOKOUT - INADEQUATE - PILOT IN COMMAND
   3b.   24010(S) - 3115(M) - 4128(P)  Cause
         IN-FLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION - INADEQUATE - PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT
   4b.   24523(S) - 3127(M) - 4128(P)  Cause
         DISTANCE - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT
   5b.   24021(S) - 3115(M) - 4128(P)  Factor
         VISUAL LOOKOUT - INADEQUATE - PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT

   Occurrence #: 2  180 FORCED LANDING
   Phase of Operation: 552 DESCENT - EMERGENCY

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor


   Occurrence #: 3  220 IN FLIGHT COLLISION WITH OBJECT
   Phase of Operation: 552 DESCENT - EMERGENCY

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20200(S) - 2517(M)
         OBJECT - TREE(S)

Probable Cause

INADEQUATE INFLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION BY THE PILOT IN COMMA INADEQUATE 
   INFLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION BY THE PILOT OF THE O ND IN FAILING TO 
   MAINTAIN DISTANCE SEPARATION FROM THE THER AIRCRAFT IN FAILING TO 
   MAINTAIN PROPER SEPARATION FROM OTHER AIRCRAFT.  THIS AIRCRAFT.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         PERSONAL           
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  59ND  
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       1       0      0
   Pass      0       0       0      1
   Other     0       0       1      1
   Invlvd    0       1       1      2

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-235-N2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 210
   Wind Speed (knots):                   19
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 8000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 SGF 
   Departure City:                       SPRINGFIELD
   Departure State:                      MO
   Destination Airport Id:               LIT 
   Destination City:                     LITTLE ROCK
   Destination State:                    AR
   Flight Plan Filed:                    VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR)
   ATC Clearance:                        VFR
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 FORCED LANDING
   Event Location:                       OFF AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         COMMERCIAL, FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND, MULTIENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         AIRPLANE
   Had Current BFR:                      YES
   Months Since Last BFR:                1  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 2
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :    480  Last 24 Hrs :    8
   Make/Model  :    180  Last 30 Days:   35
   Instrument  :     38  Last 90 Days:   65
   Multi-Engine:     13  Rotorcraft  :    0

NTSB Identification: CHI92LA131A

Accident occurred APR-23-92 at BRANSON, MO
Aircraft: CESSNA 152, registration: N59ND
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor, 2 Uninjured.

THIS AIRCRAFT WAS THE LEAD AIRCRAFT OF A FLIGHT OF FOUR AIRCRAFT IN CRUISE FLIGHT IN A LOOSE DIAMOND FORMATION. ALL FOUR AIRCRAFT WERE OPERATED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA, AND WERE ENROUTE TO A COLLEGIATE FLYING COMPETITION. THE AIRCRAFT IN THE LEFT WING POSITION HIT THIS AIRCRAFT IN THE LEFT MAIN LANDING GEAR. NEITHER AIRCRAFT COULD SUSTAIN LEVEL FLIGHT. BOTH AIRCRAFT MADE FORCED LANDINGS. FORMATION FLYING IS NOT A PART OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA FLIGHT SYLLABUS.
Probable Cause
INADEQUATE INFLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION BY THE PILOT OF THE OTHER AIRCRAFT IN FAILING TO MAINTAIN PROPER SEPARATION FROM THIS AIRCRAFT.

 

Source: National Transportation Safety Board