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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI91LA077 
   Local Date:                           01/21/1991
   Local Time:                           16:30 CST
   State:                                MN    
   City:                                 ERSKINE                            
   Airport Name:                                                  
   Airport Id:                                 
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                                                         

Narrative

THE PILOT SAID THAT WHILE ON A STUDENT SOLO CROSS-COUNTRY F LIGHT, SHE 
   ENCOUNTERED SNOW SHOWERS, TURBULENCE AND MARGINAL VISIBILITY.  A 180 
   DEGREE TURN WAS INITIATED TOWARD S A NEARBY AIRPORT, BUT AFTER LOSING 
   ALTITUDE IN THE TURN, AND FIGHTING THE TURBULENCE, A PRECAUTIONARY 
   LANDING WAS ATT EMPTED ON A RURAL ROAD.  DIRECTIONAL CONTROL WAS LOST 
   DURING THE LANDING ROLL AND THE AIRPLANE COLLIDED WITH A SNO WBANK AND 
   NOSED OVER.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  240 IN FLIGHT ENCOUNTER WITH WEATHER
   Phase of Operation: 540 CRUISE

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20000(S) - 2224(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - TURBULENCE
   2a.   20000(S) - 2220(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - SNOW
   3b.   24627(S) - 3115(M) - 4104(P)  Factor
         SUPERVISION - INADEQUATE - FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR (ON GROUND)
   4b.   24025(S) - 3118(M) - 4000(P)
         FLIGHT TO ALTERNATE DESTINATION - INITIATED - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  260 LOSS OF CONTROL - ON GROUND/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 583 MANEUVERING - TURN TO LANDING AREA (EMERGENCY)

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24539(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         DIRECTIONAL CONTROL - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 3  300 NOSE OVER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor


Probable Cause

THE PILOT'S FAILURE TO MAINTAIN DIRECTIONAL CONTROL DURING THE 
   PRECAUTIONARY LANDING.  A FACTOR WAS THE INSTRUCTOR PILOT'S INADEQUATE 
   SUPERVISION OF THE FLIGHT.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  95684 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-235-N2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 4
   Wind Speed (knots):                   14
   Visibility (sm):                      3
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 0
   Visibility Restrictions:              BLOWING SNOW (BS)
   Precipitation Type:                   
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 BJI 
   Departure City:                       BEMIDJI
   Departure State:                      MN
   Destination Airport Id:               GFK 
   Destination City:                     GRAND FORKS
   Destination State:                    ND
   Flight Plan Filed:                    VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR)
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 PRECAUTIONARY LANDING
   Event Location:                       OFF AIRPORT/AIRSTRIP

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              NONE
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      NO
   Months Since Last BFR:
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 3
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     40  Last 24 Hrs :    3
   Make/Model  :     40  Last 30 Days:    7
   Instrument  :      1  Last 90 Days:   20
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0