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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        MKC89LA059 
   Local Date:                           02/13/1989
   Local Time:                           16:30 CST
   State:                                MN    
   City:                                 CROOKSTON                          
   Airport Name:                         CROOKSTON MUNI KIRKWOOD F
   Airport Id:                           CKN   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                                                      
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE CFI AND STUDENT PILOT HAD COMPLETED 3 TOUCH AND GOES WIT HOUT 
   INCIDENT, AND ON THE FOURTH ATTEMPT THE CFI WAS GOING TO FLY JUST ABOVE 
   THE RUNWAY TO ASSIST THE STUDENT JUD GE HIS FLARE HEIGHT. THE LEFT MAIN 
   GEAR TOUCHED DOWN AND A GO AROUND MANUEVER WAS INITIATED. THE STUDENT 
   ADDED FU LL POWER AND THE CFI RETRACTED THE FLAPS TO THE 20 DEGREE 
   POSITION. THE ACFT DESCENDED, DRIFTED TO THE LEFT, ST RUCK A SNOW BANK 
   AND CAME TO REST INVERTED. A SLIGHT RIGHT CROSS WIND EXISTED AT THE 
   TIME OF THE ACCIDENT. THE PRE-SOLO STUDENT HAD 9 HOURS OF FLIGHT 
   EXPERIENCE, ALL IN THE CESSNA 152.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  250 LOSS OF CONTROL - IN FLIGHT
   Phase of Operation: 573 LANDING - ABORTED

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24536(S) - 3100(M) - 4101(P)
         GO-AROUND - ATTEMPTED - DUAL STUDENT
   3b.   22110(S) - 3137(M) - 4103(P)  Cause
         RAISING OF FLAPS - PREMATURE - PILOT IN COMMAND (CFI)
   4b.   24530(S) - 3127(M) - 4103(P)  Cause
         PROPER ALIGNMENT - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND (CFI)
   5a.   20000(S) - 2203(M)
         WEATHER CONDITION - CROSSWIND

   Occurrence #: 2  230 IN FLIGHT COLLISION WITH TERRAIN/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 573 LANDING - ABORTED

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   19200(S) - 2423(M)  Factor
         TERRAIN CONDITION - SNOWBANK

Probable Cause

PREMATURE RAISING OF FLAPS AND THE FAILURE OF THE INSTRUCTORPILOT TO 
   MAINTAIN RUNWAY ALIGNMENT DURING THE ATTEMPTED GO AROUND.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  95975 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      2
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      2

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         0-235-L2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 290
   Wind Speed (knots):                   10
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 0
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GFK 
   Departure City:                       GRAND FORKS
   Departure State:                      ND
   Destination Airport Id:               CKN 
   Destination City:                     CROOKSTON
   Destination State:                    MN
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TOUCH AND GO
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         COMMERCIAL, FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND, MULTIENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         AIRPLANE
   Had Current BFR:                      YES
   Months Since Last BFR:                7  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 1
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :    582  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :    326  Last 30 Days:   58
   Instrument  :     78  Last 90 Days:  130
   Multi-Engine:     35  Rotorcraft  :    0