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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        DEN90LA015 
   Local Date:                           10/24/1989
   Local Time:                           15:15 CDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 GRAND FORKS                        
   Airport Name:                         GRAND FORKS INTL         
   Airport Id:                           GFK   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-152-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNKNOWN                       

Narrative

AFTER RTRNG FROM A SOLO X-COUNTRY FLT, THE STUDENT PLT MADE AN APCH TO 
   LAND ON RWY 17L. THE WIND WAS VARIABLE FROM 120 TO 180 DEG AT 19 KTS. 
   THE PLT STATED THAT HE TURNED TO FINAL APCH & REALIZED HE WAS HIGH WITH 
   THE WIND STRONGER THAN HE LIKED. HE EXTENDED FULL FLAPS & "EASED BACK" 
   POWER. THE A PCH WAS STEEP & THE ACFT LANDED SOONER THAN THE PLT HAD 
   EXPECTED. HE STATED THAT THE ACFT TOUCHED DOWN AT AN ANGLE, BOUNCED 
   TWICE, THEN STOPPED IN A NOSE DOWN ATTITUDE.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  200 HARD LANDING
   Phase of Operation: 571 LANDING - FLARE/TOUCHDOWN

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20000(S) - 2232(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - UNFAVORABLE WIND
   2a.   20000(S) - 2210(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - HIGH WIND
   3b.   24535(S) - 3109(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         FLARE - IMPROPER - PILOT IN COMMAND
   4b.   24562(S) - 3109(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         RECOVERY FROM BOUNCED LANDING - IMPROPER - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  192 NOSE GEAR COLLAPSED
   Phase of Operation: 571 LANDING - FLARE/TOUCHDOWN

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   10405(S) - 1171(M)
         LANDING GEAR, NOSE GEAR - OVERLOAD

Probable Cause

THE PILOT'S IMPROPER FLARE AND IMPROPER RECOVERY FROM A BOUNCED 
   LANDING.  THE WIND CONDITION WAS CONSIDERED TO BE A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      2  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  95975 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    1670
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-235-N2C    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 0
   Wind Speed (knots):                   19
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 25000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GPZ 
   Departure City:                       GRAND RAPIDS
   Departure State:                      MN
   Destination Airport Id:               GFK 
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR)
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TRAFFIC PATTERN
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      NO
   Months Since Last BFR:
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 3
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-NO WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     81  Last 24 Hrs :    4
   Make/Model  :     81  Last 30 Days:   12
   Instrument  :      3  Last 90 Days:   18
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0