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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        DEN89LA066 
   Local Date:                           01/21/1989
   Local Time:                           09:50 CST
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 LARIMORE                           
   Airport Name:                         LARIMORE MUNI            
   Airport Id:                           2L1   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-172-RG                
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           DAVID A. VAALER               

Narrative

THE CFI SAID THE STUDENT PLT WAS AT THE CONTROLS & WAS MAKIN G A 
   TOUCH-&-GO LANDING ON RWY 12, WHICH WAS 2800 X 50 FT. THE WIND WAS FROM 
   THE SOUTH AT 10 KTS. THE TRAINEE LANDED LO NG, & BY THE TIME THE ACFT 
   WAS RECONFIGURED FOR TAKEOFF, ONLY ABOUT 800 FT OF RWY WAS REMAINING. 
   THE CFI THOUGHT THE TRAINEE WOULD STOP & TAXI BACK FOR TAKEOFF; 
   HOWEVER, THE TRAINEE ADVANCED THE THROTTLE FOR TAKEOFF. AT THAT TIME, 
   THE CFI TOOK THE CONTROLS, CLOSED THE THROTTLE & ATTEMPTED TO STOP. THE 
   ACFT SLID TO THE LEFT ON THE PACKED SNOW & ICE COVERED RWY, COLLIDED 
   WITH A SNOW BANK BESIDE THE RWY & NOSED OVER.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  320 ON GROUND/WATER ENCOUNTER WITH TERRAIN/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 570 LANDING

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24563(S) - 3118(M) - 4001(P)
         TOUCH-AND-GO - INITIATED -          
   2b.   24531(S) - 3122(M) - 4101(P)  Factor
         PROPER TOUCHDOWN POINT - NOT ATTAINED - DUAL STUDENT
   3b.   24563(S) - 3104(M) - 4101(P)  Factor
         TOUCH-AND-GO - DELAYED - DUAL STUDENT
   4b.   24627(S) - 3115(M) - 4103(P)  Cause
         SUPERVISION - INADEQUATE - PILOT IN COMMAND (CFI)
   5a.   19001(S) - 2424(M)  Factor
         AIRPORT FACILITIES, RUNWAY/LANDING AREA CONDITION - SNOW COVERED
   6a.   19001(S) - 2412(M)  Factor
         AIRPORT FACILITIES, RUNWAY/LANDING AREA CONDITION - ICY
   7a.   19200(S) - 2423(M)  Factor
         TERRAIN CONDITION - SNOWBANK

   Occurrence #: 2  300 NOSE OVER
   Phase of Operation: 570 LANDING

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor


Probable Cause

INADEQUATE SUPERVISION BY THE FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR.  FACTORS RELATED TO 
   THE ACCIDENT WERE: FAILURE OF THE STUDENT PILOT TO ATTAIN A PROPER 
   TOUCHDOWN POINT, HIS DELAY IN CONFIGURING THE AIRCRAFT & EXECUTING THE 
   GO-AROUND, ICY/SNOWY RUNWAY CONDITIONS, AND THE SNOWBANK.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      4  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  9439B 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      2
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      2

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-RETRACTABLE
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    2650
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-360-F1A6   
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 180
   Wind Speed (knots):                   10
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 15000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GFK 
   Departure City:                       GRAND FORKS
   Departure State:                      ND
   Destination Airport Id:               GFK 
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TRAFFIC PATTERN, TOUCH AND GO
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         COMMERCIAL, FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND, MULTIENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         AIRPLANE
   Had Current BFR:                      YES
   Months Since Last BFR:                13 
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 2
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-NO WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :    589  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :     59  Last 30 Days:    3
   Instrument  :     61  Last 90 Days:   29
   Multi-Engine:    132  Rotorcraft  :    0