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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI97LA002 
   Local Date:                           10/03/1996
   Local Time:                           08:15 CDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 FINLEY                             
   Airport Name:                                                  
   Airport Id:                                 
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      510 TAXI                                              
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  CESSNA CE-185-XXX               
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                                                      
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE AIRPLANE WAS PARKED ON SHORE NEAR A DOCK. THE FLIGHT INS TRUCTOR 
   (CFI) REPORTED THAT AFTER STARTING THE ENGINE, THE AIRPLANE BEGAN TO 
   MOVE FORWARD, AND THE WING STRUT AND WING CLEARED THE DOCK. AFTER THE 
   WING CLEARED THE DOCK, THE INSTRUCTOR BEGAN TO LOWER THE WATER RUDDERS, 
   AND THE TAIL OF THE AIRPLANE BEGAN MOVING TOWARD THE DOCK. A RIGHT 
   CROSSWIND WAS PRESENT DURING THE DEPARTURE FROM THE SHORE. T HE 
   INSTRUCTOR REPORTED THAT FULL LEFT RUDDER WITH THE WATER RUDDERS 
   PARTIALLY EXTENDED WAS INEFFECTIVE IN STOPPING THE H ORIZONTAL 
   STABILIZER OF THE AIRPLANE FROM HITTING THE DOCK. 

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  310 ON GROUND/WATER COLLISION WITH OBJECT
   Phase of Operation: 510 TAXI

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20000(S) - 2203(M)  Factor
         WEATHER CONDITION - CROSSWIND
   1b.   24526(S) - 3127(M) - 4103(P)  Cause
         CLEARANCE - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND (CFI)

Probable Cause

FAILURE OF THE FLIGHT INSTRUCTOR (CFI) TO ENSURE THAT CLEARANCE FROM 
   THE DOCK WAS MAINTAINED, WHILE STARTING TO TAXI.  THE CROSSWIND WAS A 
   RELATED FACTOR.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      4  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  185ND 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      2
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      2

   Landing Gear:                         FLOAT
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    3350
   Engine Make:                          CONTINENTAL  
   Engine Model:                         IO-520-D     
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-FUEL INJECTED 

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 170
   Wind Speed (knots):                   8
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 15000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GFK 
   Departure City:                       GRAND FORKS
   Departure State:                      ND
   Destination Airport Id:                   
   Destination City:                     GOLDEN LAKE
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 NONE
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         COMMERCIAL
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND, MULTIENGINE LAND, SINGLE ENGINE SEA
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         AIRPLANE
   Had Current BFR:                      YES
   Months Since Last BFR:                2  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 1
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :   2415  Last 24 Hrs :    4
   Make/Model  :     16  Last 30 Days:   45
   Instrument  :    130  Last 90 Days:  122
   Multi-Engine:    279  Rotorcraft  :    0