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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI91LA156 
   Local Date:                           05/14/1991
   Local Time:                           12:54 CDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 GRAND FORKS                        
   Airport Name:                         GRAND FORKS INTL         
   Airport Id:                           GFK   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  PIPER PA-28R-201                
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE STUDENT PILOT LOST DIRECTIONAL CONTROL OF THE AIRPLANE DURING THE 
   LANDING ROLL.  THE AIRPLANE TRAVELED OFF THE SIDE OF THE RUNWAY AND 
   CONTACTED A TAXIWAY SIGN AND A RUNWAY LIGHT BEFORE THE RIGHT MAIN GEAR 
   COLLAPSED.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  260 LOSS OF CONTROL - ON GROUND/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24539(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         DIRECTIONAL CONTROL - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND
   1dir. 34330(S) - 5000(P)  Factor
         LACK OF TOTAL EXPERIENCE - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  310 ON GROUND/WATER COLLISION WITH OBJECT
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20200(S) - 2525(M)
         OBJECT - SIGN
   2a.   20200(S) - 2515(M)
         OBJECT - RUNWAY LIGHT

   Occurrence #: 3  320 ON GROUND/WATER ENCOUNTER WITH TERRAIN/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor


Probable Cause

THE PILOT'S FAILURE TO MAINTAIN DIRECTIONAL CONTROL DURING THE LANDING 
   ROLL.  RELATED TO THE ACCIDENT WAS THE PILOT'S LACK OF TOTAL EXPERIENCE.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      4  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  804ND 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-RETRACTABLE
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    2758
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         IO-360-C1C6  
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-FUEL INJECTED 

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 70
   Wind Speed (knots):                   6
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 25000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                     
   Departure City:                       
   Departure State:                        
   Destination Airport Id:                   
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        NONE
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TOUCH AND GO
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              NONE
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      
   Months Since Last BFR:
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 3
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-NO WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     19  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :     19  Last 30 Days:    8
   Instrument  :      0  Last 90 Days:   19
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0