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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI94LA173 
   Local Date:                           05/24/1994
   Local Time:                           11:50 CDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 GRAND FORKS                        
   Airport Name:                         GRAND FORKS INTL         
   Airport Id:                           GFK   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  PIPER PA-28R-201                
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                                                      
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE STUDENT PILOT WAS LANDING ON RUNWAY 35R WITH THE WIND RE PORTED AS 
   340 DEGREES AT 10 KNOTS WHEN DIRECTIONAL CONTROL WAS LOST.  THE 
   AIRPLANE EXITED THE RUNWAY STRIKING A SIGN AN D TERRAIN.  NO MECHANICAL 
   ANOMALIES WERE FOUND ON EXAMINATION OF THE AIRPLANE.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  260 LOSS OF CONTROL - ON GROUND/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   24539(S) - 3127(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         DIRECTIONAL CONTROL - NOT MAINTAINED - PILOT IN COMMAND

   Occurrence #: 2  310 ON GROUND/WATER COLLISION WITH OBJECT
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   20200(S) - 2525(M)
         OBJECT - SIGN

   Occurrence #: 3  320 ON GROUND/WATER ENCOUNTER WITH TERRAIN/WATER
   Phase of Operation: 572 LANDING - ROLL

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1a.   19200(S) - 2407(M)
         TERRAIN CONDITION - GROUND

Probable Cause

THE PILOT-IN-COMMAND'S NOT MAINTAINING DIRECTIONAL CONTROL.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      4  
   Aircraft Use:                         INSTRUCTIONAL      
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  804ND 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      0
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      1

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-RETRACTABLE
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    2750
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         IO-360-C1C6  
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-FUEL INJECTED 

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 340
   Wind Speed (knots):                   10
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 3800
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 JMS 
   Departure City:                       JAMESTOWN
   Departure State:                      ND
   Destination Airport Id:                   
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR)
   ATC Clearance:                        VFR
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 FULL STOP
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         STUDENT
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              NONE
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      NO
   Months Since Last BFR:                0  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 1
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :     37  Last 24 Hrs :    3
   Make/Model  :     37  Last 30 Days:   22
   Instrument  :      0  Last 90 Days:   33
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0

NTSB Identification: CHI94LA173. The docket is stored in the (offline) NTSB Imaging System.

 

Accident occurred MAY-24-94 at GRAND FORKS, ND
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28R-201, registration: N804ND
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

THE STUDENT PILOT WAS LANDING ON RUNWAY 35R WITH THE WIND REPORTED AS 340 DEGREES AT 10 KNOTS WHEN DIRECTIONAL CONTROL WAS LOST. THE AIRPLANE EXITED THE RUNWAY STRIKING A SIGN AND TERRAIN. NO MECHANICAL ANOMALIES WERE FOUND ON EXAMINATION OF THE AIRPLANE.
Probable Cause
the pilot-in-command's not maintaining directional control.

Full Narritive:

On May 24, 1994, at 1150 central daylight time, a Piper PA-28R- 201, registered to the University of North Dakota, and operated by a student pilot, lost directional control on landing on runway 35R (3,900' X 75' dry/concrete) at the Grand Forks International Airport, Grand Forks, North Dakota. The airplane sustained substantial damage on impact with a runway sign and the terrain. The pilot reported no injuries. The 14 CFR Part 91 flight was operating in visual meteorological conditions. The solo instructional flight had filed a VFR flight plan. The last point of departure was Jamestown, North Dakota, at 1056.

The pilot stated that he had difficulty making the airplane turn to the right, while he felt it required "heavy" control to turn left.

A policeman who observed the track of the airplane indicated that there were skid marks from the right landing gear going off the runway.

A subsequent examination of the airplane revealed no mechanical problems with either brake.

The landing was performed on runway 35R. The winds at the approximate time of the accident were reported as 340 degrees at 10 knots.

Source: National Transportation Safety Board