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NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE REPORT


General Information

Data Source:                          NTSB AVIATION ACCIDENT/INCIDENT DATABASE
   Report Number:                        CHI92LA294 
   Local Date:                           09/29/1992
   Local Time:                           18:30 CDT
   State:                                ND    
   City:                                 GRAND FORKS                        
   Airport Name:                         GRAND FORKS INTL         
   Airport Id:                           GFK   
   Event Type:                           ACCIDENT
   Injury Severity:                      NONE   
   Report Status:                        FINAL      
   Mid Air Collision:                    NO 

Operations Information

Category of Operation:                GENERAL AVIATION       
   Aircraft Type:                        AIRPLANE       
   Aircraft Damage:                      SUBSTANTIAL      
   Phase of Flight:                      570 LANDING                                           
   Aircraft Make/Model:                  SOCATA TB-9-XXX                 
   Operator Doing Business As:                                         
   Operator Name:                        UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    
   Operator Code:                            
   Operator:                                                                       
   Owner Name:                           UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA    

Narrative

THE PILOT APPROACHED WITH FULL FLAPS AND CUT THROTTLE BEFOR E THE 
   THRESHOLD.  WHEN HE FLARED, THE AIRPLANE STALLED 5 TO 10 FEET ABOVE THE 
   RUNWAY AND LANDED HARD.

Sequence of Events

Occurrence #: 1  200 HARD LANDING
   Phase of Operation: 570 LANDING

           Findings
           Subject - Modifier - Personnel Cause/Factor

   1b.   22301(S) - 3138(M) - 4000(P)
         THROTTLE/POWER CONTROL - REDUCED - PILOT IN COMMAND
   2b.   24535(S) - 3137(M) - 4000(P)  Cause
         FLARE - PREMATURE - PILOT IN COMMAND
   3b.   24551(S) - 3113(M) - 4000(P)
         STALL - INADVERTENT - PILOT IN COMMAND

Probable Cause

THE PILOT'S PREMATURE FLARE.

Aircraft Information

Number of Seats:                      4  
   Aircraft Use:                         PERSONAL           
   Type of Operation:                    14 CFR 91 
   Domestic/International:                            
   Passenger/Cargo:                                        
   Registration Number:                  150ND 
   Air Carrier Operating Certificates:   ON-DEMAND AIR TAXI
   Aircraft Fire:                        NONE

                  Injuries
          Fatal  Serious  Minor  None
   Crew      0       0       0      1
   Pass      0       0       0      3
   Other     0       0       0      0
   Invlvd    0       0       0      4

   Landing Gear:                         TRICYCLE-FIXED
   Certificated Maximum Gross Weight:    2337
   Engine Make:                          LYCOMING     
   Engine Model:                         O-320-D2A    
   Number of Engines:                    1 
   Engine Type:                          RECIPROCATING-CARBURETOR    

Environment/Operations Information

Basic Weather Conditions:             VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)  
   Wind Direction (deg):                 150
   Wind Speed (knots):                   9
   Visibility (sm):                      15
   Visibility RVR (ft):                  0
   Visibility RVV (sm):                  0
   Cloud Height Above Ground Level (ft): 25000
   Visibility Restrictions:              NONE
   Precipitation Type:                   NONE
   Light Condition:                      DAYLIGHT
   Departure Airport Id:                 GFK 
   Departure City:                       
   Departure State:                        
   Destination Airport Id:                   
   Destination City:                     
   Destination State:                      
   Flight Plan Filed:                    NONE
   ATC Clearance:                        VFR
   VFR Approach/Landing:                 TRAFFIC PATTERN, FULL STOP
   Event Location:                       ON AIRPORT

Pilot-in-Command

Certificates:                         PRIVATE
   Ratings:
     Plane:                              SINGLE ENGINE LAND
     Non-Plane:                          NONE
     Instrument:                         NONE
   Had Current BFR:                      YES
   Months Since Last BFR:                2  
   Medical Certificate:                  CLASS 2
   Medical Certificate Validity:         VALID MEDICAL-WITH WAIVERS/LIMITATIONS

              Flight Time (Hours)
   Total       :    234  Last 24 Hrs :    1
   Make/Model  :      2  Last 30 Days:    1
   Instrument  :     29  Last 90 Days:    4
   Multi-Engine:      0  Rotorcraft  :    0